Krupp Park Five Hills

Germany

The Krupp Park “Five Hills” is the fourth largest local recreation area in Essen’s urban space and is exemplary for developing large green-blue infrastructures through the revitalisation of inner-city brownfield sites of the Ruhr metropolis. It plays an important role both in improving urban climate and promoting sustainable regeneration.

The Krupp Park “Five Hills” is the fourth largest local recreation area in Essen’s urban space and is exemplary for developing large green-blue infrastructures through the revitalisation of inner-city brownfield sites of the Ruhr metropolis. It plays an important role both in improving urban climate and promoting sustainable regeneration.

Located on the former site of the Krupp cast steel factory, the park transforms a vast zone of industrial wasteland which has been inaccessible to the public for over a century, reestablishing the connection between the Altendorf neighbourhood and the city centre.

Divided into a northern and southern part, Krupp-Park has a combined area of 220.000m2 in total, marking the beginning of the urban development of the green Krupp Belt. It provides a common green centre to the surrounding city districts, while improving the urban climate, featuring intelligent drainage and rainwater management, and offering relief during increasing heatwaves.

400,000m3 of excavated soil was reused in the park so that the park’s characteristic five hills could be created despite the soil contamination from the former industry. The park’s vegetation volume of over 15,500 trees and a total woodland of 13,5 hectares provide cooling evaporation and significantly contribute to the city’s resilience.

The five hills form a wide valley flowing into a 10.000m2 lake located at the northern entrance to the park. More than just an aesthetic feature, the lake acts as a rainwater reservoir, collecting the water from the roofs of the neighbouring ThyssenKrupp district and the surrounding areas. From the roofs, rainwater reaches the park via natural open channels and a specially developed culvert, combining functionality with the aim of making sustainability visible. Apart from being used for irrigation, the lake water is challenged into a tributary of the Emscher River to support the ecology of the river system. A balance between low-tech solutions and hight-tech engineering, thus creates resilient synergies capable of withstanding environmental and social challenges, demonstrating how thoughtful technology choices can contribute to the project’s long-term durability and sustainability.

The park is designed to be a multifunctional recreation ground for several groups of visitors and users.

On the 700m2 lake plateau, an area that is well suited for themed festivals and cultural activities, visitors can experience the ecosystem in action. Furthermore, the park hosts various sport courts and playgrounds. Several events promoting the citizen’s participation in the park’s development and design have been organised over the years.

The 125.000m2 in the northern part integrate and link up the ThyssenKrupp-Headquarters and the new Krupp-Boulevard to the existing environment. Being adjacent to the interregional bicycle lane and pedestrian paths which develop along the former “Rheinische Bahn” railway track, a green link to the Ruhr-Area with high potential of touristic attraction is created.

As part of a regional green and social infrastructure, the park has been an important meeting place since its opening in 2009.

15,545 Trees

For a total of 13,5 ha of woodland, providing cooling evaporation and hosting biodiversity.

400,000m3 Moved Soil

For the creation of five hills, regenerating a contaminated former industrial area.

10.000m2 Lake

With intelligent rainwater management and irrigation system.

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